The Salar d’Uyuni is a salt desert at 3,658m above sea level, which covers a total area of over 10,500 km². It was following the disappearance of a prehistoric lake, nearly 15,000 years earlier, that an astonishing layer of salt was formed in a large area of 150 km by 100 km, the equivalent of 2 French departments! When it is dry, you will see white, cracked soil as far as the eye can see. When it is underwater, flooded by the rains, it turns into a gigantic mirror!
This is an image you shouldn’t miss, and probably one of the most surreal panoramas you’ve ever seen.
Lithium is also present in large quantities in the Salar d’Uyuni. The latter contains roughly half of the world’s lithium reserves! Cacti reign over the few hills. A tourist activity is developing to help people discover this site. Several tracks cross it. All-terrain vehicles can drive there safely, but crossing it can be more difficult from December to March, when the Salar d’Uyuni are sometimes flooded for a few weeks. The thickness of the water rarely exceeds 10 to 15 centimeters.
The salar d’Uyuni are home to hotels where salt is the main construction material for buildings and furniture. These establishments are located at an altitude of 3000 meters, not far from a chain of high volcanoes.
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